simple FSK Demodulator

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Here is application of the 565 PLL is as a FSK demodulator. In the 565 PLL the frequency shift is usually accomplished by driving a VCO with the binary data signal so that the two resulting frequencies corre­spond to the logic 0 and logic 1 states of the binary data signal. The frequencies corresponding to logic 1 and logic 0 states are commonly called the mark and space frequencies. Several standards are used to set the mark and space frequencies.

The demodulator receives a signal at one of the two distinct carrier frequencies, 1,270 Hz or 1,070 Hz representing the RS-232 C logic levels of mark (- 5 V) or space (+ 14 V), respectively. Capacitance coupling is used at the input to remove a dc level.

simple FSK/AFSK Modulator

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Audio frequency-shift keying (AFSK) is a modulation technique by which digital data is represented by changes in the frequency (pitch) of an audio tone, yielding an encoded signal suitable for transmission via radio or telephone. Normally, the transmitted audio alternates between two tones: one, the “mark”, represents a binary one; the other, the “space”, represents a binary zero.

The need for a compact telemetry system represents a challenge design for a small, lightweight, low component count.
Connection to serial data is of the microprocessor also difficult because most Low-cost RF transmitters do Do not accept dc levels at the entrance.
Commercial FSK (frequency-Shift-keying) modulators are bulky and need many Passive components. the circuit uses a single NOT gate (inverter), On Semiconductor NL27WZ14 into a surface mount Package, to generate continuous FSK data from the TTL level signals. the Spending of this range are compatible
with the available channels. If the TTL input is low, the circuit is a continuous execution of the oscillator output about 2400 Hz (adjustable with R1). If the input assumes a high level of The oscillator frequency reduces by half with the
Introduction of a capacitor in the circuit over time Q1. converter IC provides space for surgical Frequency of approximately 80 kHz. You can easily Operation of the FSK modulator at higher frequencies eg, 4800 and 9600 Hz, by reducing the values ??of the timing capacitors C1 and C2.

source : http://ednmag.com

Radio Control/RS-232 over FM Radio

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Here is Decoder and Encoder for FM transmitter and FM radio Receiver, This circuit is a solution for transmit data in long distance.

The RF Solutions RF600E, & RF600D are easy to use encoder and decoder I/C’s. They have been designed to achieve the maximum possible range from any radio / Infra Red transmitter receiver set.
Unlike other encoder /decoder devices the RF600E/600D provide an unprecedented level of security which prevents copying or grabbing whist also obtaining optimum range from the transmitter and receiver.
The devices are very easy to use and can be inserted directly into a circuit. The RF600D has an easy learn feature enabling it to learn up to 7 unique RF600E encoder devices in standalone mode or up to 48 encoder devices when used in conjunction with an external EEPROM. These devices enable a simple but secure remote telemetry application whilst obtaining the maximum range from the radio set.

The RF600D has a serial data output. This outputs the serial number, button and battery status of the transmitter encoder (RF600E) it has successfully received. It also gives an indication of which inputs of the encoder have been activated and the status of the encoder battery. This data may be fed directly to a microcontroller or RS232 type driver circuit which may then be fed directly to a PC serial port. (An RS232 serial data output is provided on SA123 & RFEVAL2).
Serial data is output continually whilst data is being received from the RF600E transmitter. i.e. this output is valid regardless of whether the RF600E encoder has been learnt to the RF600D decoder or not. If the user requires the serial number of pre-learnt RF600E encoders only, then the serial output should be configured only to output data when one of the digital outputs from the RF600D is asserted. (Digital outputs from the RF600E will only activate when a RF600E encoder has been pre-learnt.)

Mosfet RC Model Motor Control

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As modern MOSFET transistors are developed with lower ON resistance and smaller packages, Electronic Speed Controls (ESC) follow. By using a microcontroller and a few small MOSFETs, high performance speed controls can be built with advanced features in small packages. This application note will describe the design and construction of two small speed controls appropriate for flying model airplanes up to 6 lbs. Many of the control techniques in this application note can easily be used with larger DC motors in different applications.

Speed Control Features
A modern electric aircraft speed control must have the
following features:
1. Low weight (everything in an airplane must be lightweight)
2. Low ON Resistance (minimal heat sink at high power ratings = low weight and long run times)
3. Safety Motor Start (the motor should not be armed until the throttle is at a minimum setting)
4. Gearbox protection (A geared motor should not accelerate quickly or gear damage could occur)

RC Model Motor Control

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